Contact Point Accountancy on 0208 508 6477
Contact Point Accountancy on 0208 508 6477

Accountants in Loughton, Essex

We at Point Accountancy will endeavor to assist you in any of your accountancy needs wherever you are in the UK. 

We are accountants based in Loughton, Essex which offers fantastic transport links being only 30 minutes from London Liverpool Street Station on the central tube line.
Point Accountancy was established in 2016 by its partners Mr John Sari and Mrs Mualla Dulger with them both having extensive knowledge of the British tax system and experience in the field, whether you’re a self-employed plumber, a mini-cab driver or a restaurant owner we can assist you in any of your needs.
We are striving to become and believe that we can be the only name you will need when thinking of your accountancy services, as we are big enough to be able to cope with your file but small enough to still offer a personal touch, we will maintain this as we will pride ourselves with offering a second to none service and keeping in touch with our clients on a regular basis.
Please do not hesitate to contact us through the contact us page, by phone or by email.

We can assist you in the below areas and will offer a free consultation for you to determine whether we are the correct decision for you:

Self Assessment in Loughton, Essex

Every individual who is self-employed has to complete a self-assessment tax return whether they are a self-employed window cleaner to a mini cab driver to the owner of a large corporation.


Why stress yourself out with wondering if the items that you are claiming back as expenses are actually allowed under hmrc's guidance?  Why not come and have a free consultation with us where we can discuss everything through with you and if you choose to work with us we can complete your tax return on your behalf and provide you with a set of accounts within a small time frame.


The income tax rates for a self-employed person in the UK are the same as an employee’s with the rates from April 2017 being listed below:

  • Personal Allowance: £11,500
  • Basic Rate Tax Payer: 20% from £11,500 - £45,000
  • Higher Rate Tax Peyer: 40% from £45,001 - £150,000
  • Additional Rate Tax Payer: 45% from £150,001
  • If you earn over £100,000 HMRC also reduce your personal allowance by £1 for every £2 earned meaning that from April 2017 if you earn in excess of £123,000 you will have no personal allowance meaning that all basic rate bracket will drop by £11,500 meaning the higher rate bracket would start at £33,501 although the additional rate bracket does not change.

Self-Employed people still have to pay national insurance contributions although this is a lower rate compared to employed people the rates for this from April 2017 are listed below:

  • Class 2 National Insurance charged when over £6,025 is earned - £2.85 per week
  • Class 4 National Insurance charged between incomes of £8,164 ad £45,000) – 9%
  • Class 4 National Insurance charged for incomes over £45,001 – 2%


For Example:

Mr G earned a self-employed income of £55,000 and had £20,000 of allowable expenses his calculation would be as below

                                                Income: £55,000

                                                Expenses: £20,000

                                                Net Profit: £35,000

Therefore Mr G would not be a higher rate tax payer and would only need to pay basic rate taxation, class 2 and class 4 national insurance contributions, his tax calculation would is shown below:

  • Income Tax: - (£35,000 - £11,500) x 20% = £4,700
  • Class 2 National Insurance contributions – (£2.85 x 52 weeks) = £148.20
  • Class 4 National Insurance contributions – (£35,000 - £8,164) x 9% = £2,415.24

Mr G's total tax liability for the year (2017/2018) would be £7,263.44 of which HMRC will also ask for a 50% prepayment for the following tax year in both January (2019) of the year after and July (2019) therefore Mr G would need to pay £10,895.16 to HMRC by 31/01/2019 to avoid any late payment penalties.


Welcome to Point Accountancy's VAT page, we can assist you in compiling and submitting your vat returns (which are due for every VAT registered company in the UK quarterly), from our head office in Loughton Essex or we can come to you if this is easier.

The current threshold for VAT is set by HM Revenue and Customs at £83,000 at which point it is compulsory to register for VAT although you can register voluntarily if you require.


VAT Types:


Standard VAT - With the standard rate of vat you will charge 20% to your customers in top of the total invoice value unless you make zero rated sales which could include cold food sales or insurance products plus many more. 

Using the Standard rate of VAT Point Accountancy will assist you with claiming back all of the expenses that are certified by HMRC and are claimable to ensure that you have no issues in the future.


An example of how the standard rate of VAT works is shown below:

Mr A sells and fits a kitchen to Mr B for £15,000 + VAT, in doing this his claimable purchases were £5,000 + VAT therefore the calculation for this job that Mr A is liable to pay HMRC is:

Sales - £15,000 + £3,000 VAT

Purchases - £5,000 + £1,000 VAT

Therefore the profit for this job would be £10,000 + £2,000 VAT meaning that the £2,000 would be the amount of VAT due to HMRC prior to Mr A calculating his indirect business expenses.


Flat Rate VAT: Flat rate VAT is a scheme that HMRC set up to assist businesses with low vatable purchases to simplify the process of VAT returns with HMRC deducting 1% from the stated rate in the first year registered for the scheme. With the Flat Rate Scheme Point Accountancy will calculate which business category you will fall into and will advise you of its rate as with the standard rate of vat you will charge 20% to your customers in top of the total invoice value unless you make zero rated sales although the difference comes when claiming your purchases where you cannot claim any standard purchases you can only claim certain capital expenditures.


An example of how the flat rate scheme works is shown below using a consultancy business as an example.

With a consultant the business costs are reasonably low therefore the business may be in danger of falling in to the HMRC standard rate of 16.5% which is applied when the business purchases are less than 2% of the annual turnover or less that £1,000 whichever is the higher, for the purposes of this example we will estimate that the purchases are above the minimum threshold.

Mr G sells a service to Mr H for the duration of 3 months and for the value of £15,000 + VAT he cannot claim back any VAT therefore the calculation of the VAT payable would be as below:

Sales - £15,000 + £3,000 VAT - £18,000

With the Flat rate scheme the total invoice value is used to calculate the amount payable therefore in this case a consultant's rate for this scheme is 14.5% or 13.5% in the first year therefore the calculations are shown below:

In the first year of trading the calculation would be as follows - £18,000 x 13.5% = £2,430 payable

In each subsequent year of trading the calculation would be as follows - £18,000 x 14.5% = £2,610 payable 

This means that in the first year of trading the supplier in this case Mr G would effectively make £570 from registering for the scheme with him making £390 in the subsequent years.


Although these examples are informative we would recommend contacting us as we can calculate all of these accurately to ensure you do not have any issues in the future.


Point Accountancy

141C High Road


IG10 4LT

Making an appointment

If you have any queries or wish to make an appointment please contact us:


Tel: 0208 5086477 0208 5086477



Alternatively, please use our contact form.

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